ANALYSIS OF C-SECTION RATE USING ROBSON 10 GROUP CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
Keywords:C- Setion Rate, Robson 10 Group Classification System, maternal and obstetric characteristics, delivery outcome.
BACKGROUND: The rates of Cesarean section C-section have garnered growing attention as a result of their
influence on the health outcomes of both mothers and newborns. The Robson 10 Group Classification System
provides a structured framework for the classification and comparison of cesarean section rates, taking into
account obstetric features and delivery outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the
rates of cesarean section C-section in relation to the Robson 10 Group Classification System. METHODS: A
varied group of pregnant persons was used to gather data pertaining to several characteristics including parity,
fetal presentation, and gestational period, commencement of labor, prior cesarean sections, Apgar scores, newborn
weight, and mother age. The use of the Robson 10 Group Classification System included the categorization of
deliveries into various groups, taking into account obstetric risk factors and delivery outcomes. The distribution
of these factors was shown using descriptive statistics.RESULTS: The study disclosed notable percentage of
deliveries that fell within distinct Robson Group groupings. The study revealed significant observations, such as
a substantial percentage of nulliparous women opting for induced labor or pre-labor C-sections 12.7%, as well as
a predominance of singleton pregnancies 87.3%. A total of 79.2% of newborns had Apgar scores over 7. The
majority of pregnancies, accounting for 74.1% of cases, typically spanned a duration of 37 to 40 weeks.
Additionally, it was observed that cesarean section rates prior to the onset of labor were recorded at
50%.CONCLUSION: The examination of maternal and obstetric variables in relation to the rates of cesarean
section C-section offers significant insights into the outcomes of childbirth. This study highlights the need of
individualized obstetric treatment in order to maximize health outcomes for both mothers and newborns.
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