PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA AMONG THE STUDENTS AT SHAH ABDUL LATIF UNIVERSITY, KHAIRPUR.
Keywords:Keywords: Anaemia, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur
Introduction: Iron deficiency, which leads to nutritional anaemia, is a serious health problem in
economically developing nations like Pakistan. Objective: To determine the incidence of anemia
in male and female students at Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur. Methodology: In this
study, a total of 179 students were evaluated, with 63 (35.1%) being male and 116 (64.8%) being
female. The participants were selected from various departments of Shah Abdul Latif University
using a convenience sampling method, with informed consent obtained from each individual.
The study participants underwent interviews and screening for anemia. Demographic
information, such as age and gender, was gathered using a pre-designed questionnaire. Blood
samples were collected in EDTA vacutainers and analyzed using a Hematology Analyzer Huma
Reader Plus. The data was then analyzed using the SPSS software version 26.0. Results: The
average age of the participants was 19.4 ± 1.1 years. 47.5% (n=85) of the 179 students studied
were found to have anemia. The prevalence was higher in female students at 55.8% (n = 64)
compared to 33.3% (n=21) in male students. The mean levels of haemoglobin and red blood cells
were found to be significantly different between male and female students (P < 0.05). No
significant differences were observed in other hematological parameters between the two
groups.Conclusion: The female students had a higher prevalence of anaemia than male students,
more study with a bigger sample of healthy college students is needed to corroborate these
findings and safeguard the well-being of potential moms
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