FREQUENCY AND RISK FACTORS OF IRON DEFICIENCYANEMIA IN CHILDREN BELOW 10 YEARS OF AGE AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL PAKISTAN.
Keywords:Keywords: South Asia, Anaemia, Children, Iron Deficiency Pakistan
Introduction: In South Asia, anaemia affects more than 50% of preschool-aged kids due to its
diverse aetiology. To successfully solve this issue, it is necessary to clarify the situationally
reasons of anaemia. Anemia is a common medical finding among children. Anemia due to iron
deficiency affects 40–70percent of the overall of kids less than the age of 10 in Pakistan. Anemia
not only alters normal physical development but also impairs cognition and endurance in kids.
Under this analysis, the frequency and risk markers of iron deficiency anaemia in kids below the
age of 10 who visit PMCH Pakistan are evaluated. Materials And Methods: A total of 385
children were enrolled through a purposive random sampling presenting to the Pediatrics ward of
PMCH, Pakistan fulfilling the operational definition and admission criteria during JANUARY
2021 to DECEMBER 2022. Hb level below 11gm/dlwas termed as anemia and anemia is further
classified into microcytic, normocytic or macrocytic on peripheral blood film. Further testing for
serum ferritin, hemoglobin electrophoresis, serum C-reactive protein and stool microscopy was
advised to establish the definitive diagnosis. Risk factors were looked for in cases of iron
deficiency anemia. Results: Out of 385 patients there were total 210(54.54%) male and
175(45.46%) females. Mean age 5.2466, minimum 2 years and maximum 10 years. Out of 385
patients There were 152 with normocytic anemia, 216 microcytic anemia and 17 with macrocytic
anemia. Out of 210 male patients There were 57 males with normocytic anemia, 146 microcytic
anemia and 7 with macrocytic anemia. Out of 175 female patients There were 95 females with
normocytic anemia, 70 microcytic anemia and 10 with macrocytic anemia.p value =0.05
Conclusion: Around children under 10 years of age were found to be anemic, among them
around half of them were suffering from iron deficiency anemia. The findings of this study
stresses upon the significance of evaluating the risk factors of anemia in children. Prompt
awareness campaigns and revamping health education programs focusing mother and child health
can serve as a valuable tool to manage this health problem in countries like Pakistan.
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