KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTISES OF GENERAL PRACTITIONERS AT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS IN PESHAWAR A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY, "ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE- DIABETES & RAMADAN".
Keywords:Attitudes, Diabetes, Islam, Knowledge, Ramadan, Practice
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic illness that progresses and is caused by low amounts
of the hormone insulin.With a sizable population and a large geographic region, Pakistan struggles with a
considerable diabetes incidence among its populace. For people with diabetes, advice from medical
professionals is crucial for ensuring a healthy fast throughout Ramadan. OBJECTIVE: "To assess
healthcare professionals' comprehension, outlook, and behaviors in handling diabetes during the sacred
month of Ramadan, is the objective of this study."METHODOLOGY: In three Tertiary Care Hospitals in
Peshawar, this descriptive study of 153 doctors was conducted over the course of six months. Doctors
working in the medical ward who were fluent in English were included; those taking extended vacations
and refusing to participate were not. After IRB permission, the serial sampling approach was used with
their knowledge and consent. 20 items on knowledge, attitude, and practises in regard to diabetes treatment
in Ramadan were included in a validated pre-designed questionnaire that was used for the interviews. This
questionnaire was developed from a prior study. Using descriptive statistics for categorical variables, data
was gathered and analysed using SPSS Version 21.RESULTS: The general practitioners answered with a
response rate of 75.6%, with a mean age of 36.1 years and a standard deviation of 10.2367. 69.9% of the
replies were from men, while just 29.4% were from women. All of the topics covered by the questions were
sufficiently understood and practised by the doctors. Their attitude ratings, however, were below average,
with scores of 13% for learning about Islamic medicine, 28% for counselling, and 26% for glycemic decline
during Ramadan.CONCLUSION: The general practitioners' knowledge of diabetes, fasting, and treatment
choices during Ramadan was determined to be competent, but the participating doctors' attitudes were found
to be lacking due to gaps that had been observed.
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