SERO-PREVALENCE OF BRUCELLOSIS AND TOXOPLASMOSIS, AMONG BUTCHERS OF DISTRICT KARAK PAKISTAN.
Keywords:Toxoplasma Gondi, Brucella Melitetensis, Butchers.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of brucellosis and toxoplasmosis is elevated in butchers than general
population, this may be due to the fact that butchers are more likely to be exposed to animal products, which
can be contaminated with these pathogens. Additionally, butchers may not be following proper hygiene
practices when handling raw meat, which can increase their chances of getting infection. The objective of
this study set out to identify the serological prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella melitensis in
butchers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study was designed to assess the serological prevalence of
Brucella melitensis and Toxoplasma gondii in butchers. In the Karak district, butchers from seven various
union councils provided 270 blood samples in total. Based on serum slide agglutination and immune
chromatographic assays, the butcher blood samples were analyzed for brucellosis and toxoplasmosis. Data
were documented and analyzed through SPSS-22. Results were presented in tables, charts, and graphs.
RESULTS: Toxoplasmosis and brucellosis were both present in an overall prevalence of 15.6% and 21.9%,
respectively. Additionally, butchers were found to have higher rates of brucellosis and toxoplasmosis in the
age base groups 15-31 years and weight base group 63-80 kg 7.4% and 10.7%, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Brucellosis and toxoplasmosis prevention and management should be made a priority in
public health education, it is generally agreed. District Karak and the surrounding areas have a serious
brucellosis public health issue. With the right precautions, this disease can be avoided, particularly in rural
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